TRT in Australia is a very dynamic sector. And together with the global medical and scientific communities, they were able to establish one fact about COVID-19, it tends to discriminate its victims by age. Another important consideration is if the individual has any underlying health condition, he may be susceptible to worse case outcomes of COVID-19.
Now, according to the most recent UK data, with respect to the Office for National Statistics, figures show that the male populace is twice as much to die from this disease as opposed to women.
This trend was originally observed first in China. According to the findings of their medical health sector, there is at least a 2.8% fatality rate in men who contracted the coronavirus and this is in stark contrast to 1.7% of infected women. From that time onward, this pattern was echoed by Germany, France, Italy, Iran, and now the latest to add to the list is the UK.
Around 71% of confirmed COVID-19 fatalities in Italy were accounted for by men. Spain also released a similar report emphasizing that twice as many men as women in their country have died from the coronavirus. The UK registered 4,122 deaths for COVID-19, 2, 523 of which were men and the remaining 1,599 were women.
The million-dollar question we have here now is, how come men are so vulnerable to this virus?
According to the UCL Centre Director, Sarah Hawkes, no one from their team knows the exact answer yet or have a solid reason to show what is causing the difference.
Early on, health experts first thought that smoking might have something to do about the susceptibility of men to the virus. Backed by comprehensive research, the sector of TRT in Australia suggested that men who smoke comprised about 12% of victims identified as having less severe symptoms.
But roughly 26% ended up in an intensive care facility or perished. Besides, smoking could also serve as an avenue for spreading infection, the reason being that smokers would be touching their lips with an infected cigarette butt.
Previous studies on TRT in Australia reveal that men tend to have an innate lower antiviral immune response to an array of infections which includes HIV and hepatitis C. Studies done on mice indicate this might also hold ground for coronaviruses, even when there are no solid studies about this yet for COVID-19.
This means to say that the male immune system is not likely to initiate a fitting response to the moment that it was able to identify the virus.
Hormones may also have a role to play, particularly estrogen. This female sex hormone has been found out to significantly help in further intensifying the immune cell antiviral responses. Genes that are responsible for regulating the immune system have the X chromosome encoded in them (men have 1, women have 2).
This brings us to a supposition that genes that take an active role in the immune response tend to be a lot more active in women than it is in men.
The element of sex differences in a human body’s immune response to coronavirus can be gleaned from various antibody surveys that are being conducted across the world. We can look forward to more enlightenment on this matter in the coming days.
But that may happen only after a detailed review of submitted Chinese team research papers was carried out. The latest data we have garnered about this from the UK suggest that a significant number of male deaths from that country is adding more weight to concerns that men are naturally susceptible to viral infections like COVID-19.